Understanding Supported Independent Living (SIL) for the Disabled: A Comprehensive Guide for Participants and Caregivers

If you’re new to the concept of supported independent living, or SIL, it might be a little confusing. In this guide we will step you through this concept and help shed light on this empowering service. Supported independent living is not just about providing a home for individuals with disabilities, it’s a holistic approach that encompasses multiple aspects to enable such individuals to live a life that’s as independent as possible. 

There’s a lot to learn and consider when it comes to SIL. Who precisely is eligible for these services? Is living in your own home under SIL different from residing in a dedicated support home? These are just some of the questions that we will address in this guide. And we’ll also delve into specific questions like whether transport services are included in SIL, whether you can be eligible for SIL support in your own home, and we’ll discuss the crucial aspects to consider when selecting a SIL provider. 


Such services do come with financial implications, and we’ll help decode those for you too. This guide will give you a comprehensive understanding of SIL so you are better equipped to navigate related decisions for yourself or someone you care for.

Understanding Supported Independent Living

What Exactly is Supported Independent Living (SIL)?

Supported Independent Living (SIL) is a framework designed to support individuals with disabilities in leading an independent lifestyle within their chosen community. This involves providing assistance with, or supervising, daily tasks. The extent of this aid can vary greatly, depending on the individual’s needs, ranging from a few hours of support each week to 24/7 care. It’s important to note that SIL is not about doing things for the individual, but rather, enabling them to do things for themselves. Remember, independence isn’t about doing everything alone; it means being in charge of how things are done.

Eligibility for Supported Independent Living

Who qualifies for SIL? Primarily, SIL is tailored towards people with disabilities or its aged population who need some extent of support to live independently. Generally, individuals can be eligible for SIL if they meet certain criteria. For instance, they should have an approved National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) plan which identifies the need for supported independent living.

Other personal circumstances, such as the nature and level of the individual’s disability, the individual’s living situation, and their personal goals, are also taken into account. Always remember, SIL aims to facilitate independence, not replace it. This is why Neta Care is such a strong proponent of SIL — we strongly support any program that promotes independence and autonomy among participants.

Principles and Goals of Supported Independent Living

Understanding the fundamental goals and guiding principles of SIL is vital for those participating in the scheme or those caring for someone who is. The primary goal of SIL is to promote independence for people with disabilities by enabling opportunities for choice, empowerment, and participation in the community.

The major principles guiding SIL include crafting personalised care plans that consider the individual’s unique needs and fostering an environment that respects the individual’s rights, choice, and freedom. At its core, it’s all about supporting people to live their lives in a way that makes sense to them. Not merely existing, but really living—doesn’t that sound like a wonderful ideal?

Flexibility of Supported Independent Living at Home

What’s beautiful about Supported Independent Living (SIL) is its emphasis on flexibility.


There are numerous providers, including Neta Care, who can help facilitate SIL services in your own dwelling. They’ll work closely with you, taking into account your unique needs and circumstances. Do bear in mind, however, that there may be certain requirements to meet. These could range from specific disability needs to the number of service hours required per week. At Neta Care we guide you through all of these needs and requirements, with the goal of enhancing your independence and ensuring you live a fulfilling life in your own home. 

Characteristics and Benefits of a SIL House

What exactly defines a SIL house, and how does it make a difference? A SIL house is, essentially, a residential setting where people with disabilities live together, usually under the care of onsite support workers. 


The beauty of a SIL house lies in its core characteristics. Privacy and personal space are upheld. Each resident has their room and, typically, other shared spaces like kitchens or lounges. It’s a balanced blend of companionship and solitude. And the benefits? They’re considerable. Living in a SIL house, you receive around-the-clock care tailored to your needs. Additionally, living with peers who face similar challenges encourages a sense of community and understanding. These are just some of the many advantages of a SIL house – a perfect blend of support, independence, and community.

Customising Living Arrangements to Meet Individual Needs

What is a SIL house and how does it differ from a typical home?

A SIL house is designed with the unique needs of its occupants in mind, to ensure their safety, comfort and facilitate an enabling environment. Ordinary houses are often not customised this way, which can sometimes limit the ability of an individual with disabilities to lead an independent lifestyle. 

A SIL house is comparable to an ordinary house regarding the fundamental elements of being a home, yet, it offers tailored features and support services that make it anything but typical.

But it’s not only about the physical features: The distinguishing factor lies in the level of support provided in a SIL house, which doesn’t exist in a standard home. Dedicated staff members are on hand to assist with daily life activities, like meal preparation, personal care, and medication management. They also offer companionship and emotional support, leading to a more fulfilling and balanced life for the resident. It’s much more than a house – it’s a supportive community.


Below is an overview of the main features of SIL houses and how they differentiate from regular homes with regards to the space, liveability, and additional accessories of the house.

Features Space Liveability Accessories
Wider doors and hallways
Larger bathrooms
Accessible kitchen
Non-slip floors
Ramps at entrances
Lift systems equipment
Adjustable furniture
Emergency alert buttons

Let’s delve a little deeper. How does the customisation of living arrangements work in SIL? The aim of SIL is to meet individual needs as closely as possible. And, to achieve this, providers go beyond standard provisions to adapt living spaces and support according to your specific needs. 


This could mean having specialised equipment installed or modifying rooms to suit mobility requirements. It could also involve adapting support schedules to fit your lifestyle better. There are, understandably, limitations. Providers must abide by certain safety and logistical boundaries. You, or your care provider, will discuss these clearly with the facilitator during the planning stage. This ensures that your SIL living arrangement is not just comfortable and conducive but also safe and sustainable.

Essential Services and Support Structures in SIL

A Comprehensive Breakdown of Support Services in SIL

Supported Independent Living (SIL) varies drastically according to an individual’s needs and preferences. So, what types of support does SIL actually provide?


  • Personal Care Support: This includes help with daily personal tasks, like dressing, bathing, or meal preparation. The aim is to ensure you can safely and effectively perform basic tasks, considering your disability.

  • Skills Development: Here, you can benefit from skills improvement and life lessons. With SIL, you can learn skills to support your independence, like handling finances or using public transport.

  • Health and Well-being: Support services extend to maintaining and improving your health too, through providing assistance in medical appointments, and ensuring you take appropriate medications on time.

  • Social and Community Participation: What’s life without a little fun and community interaction? SIL also provides support services that ensure you can participate actively in your community, attending social gatherings, volunteering activities, or even pursuing an interest or hobby.

Travel Assistance as Part of SIL

A question we are frequently asked at Neta Care is, “Does SIL cover transport services?” The short answer is yes. Transport is considered a crucial part of supported independent living. After all, to live independently, one needs to be able to navigate from one place to another. SIL usually covers transport assistance for critical day-to-day functions, such as getting to and from work, medical appointments, and community or social gatherings. They may also facilitate learning how to use public transport independently, thereby enhancing mobility and freedom.

Day-to-Day Supports in SIL

Every day comes with its unique set of tasks and challenges, and SIL is designed to assist with them. But how, exactly?

Let us break it down: 

  • Daily Routine Support: From getting up in the morning to winding down for the night, SIL can provide help throughout the day. This may include assistance with grooming, preparing meals, cleaning and more.

  • Skills Training: Daily support can also come in the form of helping you learn and improve everyday skills, like cooking, laundry, or managing finances.

  • Medication and Health Management: Need help sorting out your medication schedule? Or perhaps, you require assistance with exercise or physiotherapy programs? SIL ensures you stay on top of your health requirements daily.

  • Encouragement and Companionship: Sometimes, all you need is a bit of motivation or someone to share your ups and downs with. SIL can provide companionship, support and encouragement to help you navigate through your daily life.


SIL aims to support a person with a disability to live as independently as possible, with tailored services to meet individual needs. With it, you can hope to lead a well-rounded life, encompassing personal care, skills development, health maintenance, and active societal and community interaction.

Understanding the Financial Aspects of Supported Independent Living

Sourcing SIL Funding: A Closer Look

SIL funding primarily originates from the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS). NDIS funding is a state-sanctioned scheme to assist disabled individuals in leading meaningful, independent lives. This type of funding is usually included in your NDIS plan if an assessment deems it is reasonable and necessary for your situation. It’s vital to undertake a thorough analysis when preparing your NDIS funding application. Specialist knowledge is essential to articulate clearly how SIL pertains to your individual circumstances and specific needs, as this greatly influences the likelihood of a successful application. 

The Scope of Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA): What does SDA cover?

SDA funding calls for special attention as it’s solely intended for the provision of housing. It assists individuals who necessitate specialist housing solutions due to significant functional impairment or extremely high support needs. It covers costs related to housing construction, fixtures, and fittings that cater to the specific needs of the individual but excludes daily living costs such as groceries or utility bills. SDA is a distinctive separate funding, used in tandem with SIL to comprehensively tackle both housing and support-related matters.

Understanding the Limitations: What SIL Does Not Cover?

SIL does not cover costs related to your personal activities such as personal care items, entertainment, hobbies, and transport to social activities. Additionally, typical household bills, including gas, electricity, water, rent, groceries, and maintenance, fall outside the SIL funding scope. In summary, SIL funding provides support for care and supervision needs, and it’s not a universal solution for all costs associated with living independently. Remember, there are other forms of funding like the SDA to assist with housing needs.

How to Choose the Right Supported Independent Living Provider?

When it comes to choosing a supported independent living (SIL) provider, it’s crucial to make an informed decision that fits both your personal needs and preferences. There may seem a plethora of options out there, and it can feel overwhelming, but what are the key factors to consider?

Provider Expertise and Experience: One vital aspect is the provider’s expertise and experience in the field. Does the provider have a proven track record? Do they demonstrate understanding and capabilities to support your specific disability needs? 

Services and Supports: What kinds of supports and services are on offer? These may include day-to-day living assistance, travel support, provision of assistive technologies and more. Ensure they align with your requirements. 

Cultural Fit and Shared Values: The relationship between you and your SIL provider will be long-term, so having shared values and a good interpersonal fit is equally important. How does the provider respect your culture, gender, sexuality, and personal preferences? 

Clear Communication: Good communication is pivotal in any relationship. Does the provider have clear communication channels that you have comfortable access to? Can they explain complex issues to understand easily?

The Significance of Compatibility and Shared Goals in SIL

Why is the emphasis on shared goals and compatibility, you might ask? The answer is quite simple – these elements fuel the success and satisfaction of your SIL experience. 

Having shared goals builds alignment between you and your SIL provider on what you both are striving to achieve. Your provider must understand your life aspirations, preferences, and needs to support you effectively in leading an independent and fulfilling life. 

Compatibility is about building a comfortable and respectful relationship with your provider. This is pivotal because living independently shouldn’t be a struggle, but a nurturing, mutually respectful, and understanding partnership between you and your provider. It’s about choosing someone who respects your autonomy, personal choices, and supports you in living life in your own terms. 


So, it may take some time and research to find the ‘perfect’ provider, but remember, it’s about empowering you to live independently with the right supports. It’s about ensuring your life, your choices, and your independence. After all, isn’t that what supported independent living is all about?

What's the Difference Between SIL and SDA?

Distinguishing the Roles and Relationships Between SIL and SDA

Perhaps one of the most common questions when it comes to supported independent living (SIL) is how it differs from Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA). The two terms, although closely interconnected, play distinct roles and cater to different components of the living experience for disabled individuals. Understanding these differences is vital to ascertain which arrangement best fits the individual’s needs.

Distinct Roles of SIL and SDA

SIL primarily focuses on providing necessary support services for day-to-day living in the home environment. It provides services such as personal care support, assistance with performing household tasks, and facilitating community participation, among others.

On the other hand, SDA pertains more to the physical aspects of accommodation and serves to ensure that the living environment is designed, constructed, and maintained to cater to the specific needs of a person with significant and permanent disabilities. SDA does not include the support services provided within the home; rather, it’s about the home itself.

Seamless Compatibility Between SIL and SDA

Now, the relationship between SIL and SDA can be viewed as complementary. SDA provides the specialised housing required for many disabled individuals, while SIL fills it with the essential support services to help individuals live more independently. It’s like SDA provides the vessel, and SIL ensures it sails smoothly.

Choosing Between SIL and SDA: A Matter of Individual Requirement

Whether someone requires SIL, SDA, or both depends on their own individual needs and circumstances. Some people may only need the support services offered under SIL, while others who require specialised housing modifications will need SDA. Many would benefit from a combination of both. In such instances, it’s crucial to discuss with a range of service providers and professionals to determine the best course of action.

Frequently Asked Questions: SIL vs SDA

Yes, SIL services can be provided irrespective of the physical attributes of the accommodation, meaning you can receive SIL supports without the need for an SDA.

SDA eligibility is determined based on a variety of factors, including the individual’s support needs, life stage, and living circumstances. Eligibility is usually reserved for those with more pronounced and complex disability-related accommodation needs.

Both SIL and SDA can be funded through the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS), but they fall under different parts of a person’s NDIS plan. 

What are the Benefits and Challenges Associated with Supported Independent Living?

Enhancing Quality of Life through Independence and Support


Supported Independent Living (SIL) can be a powerful tool in enhancing the quality of life for individuals with disabilities. By promoting independence and personal autonomy, SIL services aid individuals in living fulfilling lives, as independently as possible, within the comfort of their own homes. Imagine having the freedom to manage daily tasks at your own pace while still having necessary support available when you need it. Whether it’s assistance with household chores, personal care, social activities or transportation, the ultimate aim is to strike that balance between independence and support to significantly improve their overall life quality. 

Social and Personal Development Benefits

One of the major advantages of Supported Independent Living is the invaluable opportunity for social and personal growth it offers individuals. By fostering greater independence, the possibilities for personal development expand significantly. Being able to navigate their own spaces allows individuals to hone essential life skills such as decision-making, time management, and self-advocacy within a safe and supportive environment.


In terms of the social lives of participants, the integrated living arrangements encourage regular social interactions, stimulating friendships and fostering stronger connections with the surrounding community. This could range from simply having neighbours over for a visit to participating in local events. 

Navigating Common Challenges and Solutions

While Supported Independent Living offers numerous advantages, it also comes with certain challenges that need careful consideration. There could be feelings of isolation, especially for those accustomed to a more communal living situation.


There might also be limitations on the level and type of support available, particularly during times of sudden and unforeseen emergencies. However, many of these challenges can be mitigated through careful planning and open communication with your service provider. Whether it’s arranging for regular yet unobtrusive checks or having emergency procedures in place, your SIL journey can be tailored to your individual needs and preferences.

Is SIL right for you? Neta Care can help

If you’ve read this far through our guide and want to explore SIL as an option for you or someone you care for, Neta Care specialises in guiding you through the process to ensure you have access to the most suitable accommodation options for your needs. Just get in touch with our team and one of our support coordinators will be happy to help.

Through the comprehensive exploration of Supported Independent Living (SIL), we’ve tapped into the transformative potential of these services for persons living with disabilities. With the right support, individuals can gain the confidence to lead independent lives, fostering an increased sense of autonomy and well-being. 

The decision to transition to SIL should come from a place of insight and understanding. We encourage you to become well-versed about SIL services and speak to the right people, keeping in mind your unique requirements.

For those desiring more information about Supported Independent Living, our team at Neta Care is just a call away. We are committed to helping you transition towards a rewarding life of independence with the right mix of support. Please feel free to get in touch for a friendly chat to start your SIL journey today. We wish you all the best in choosing the right path.

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